Publication ethics

Section has been prepared according to the Elsevier publishing house information and information of the International Committee on Publication Ethics



The Editorial Staff of the Journal stays loyal to the principles of scientific honesty. The Journal adheres to the COPE standards, and also counts on the corresponding position on the part of the Authors.

The Editorial Board of the Journal undertakes not to use for personal purposes and not to transfer to third parties unpublished materials received for consideration (or rejected from publication).

The Editors of the Journal are always ready to publish corrections, explanations, apologies and refutations regarding the material published in the issues of the Journal, if necessary. The Journal does not leave unanswered claims regarding the reviewed manuscripts. If a conflict situation is identified, the Editorial Board will take all measures to restore the violated rights.

The Editors of the Journal vigorously criticize and reject manuscripts in case of detection of the facts of submission of an article to several journals, plagiarism, fabrication and falsification of data.


Editors. Ethical norms of behavior

The Editors of the Journal are responsible for deciding on publication based on the reliability of the work in question and its scientific significance. In doing so, they are guided by the Editorial Policy of the Journal, taking into account the current legal requirements in relation to defamation, copyright, legality and plagiarism. When deciding on a publication, Editors can consult with Members of the Editorial Board and the Staff.

Non-discrimination and confidentiality. When evaluating the intellectual content of manuscripts by Editors, any form of discriminatory approach is unacceptable and impossible.

Cooperation with COPE. In the event of ethical claims regarding reviewed manuscripts or published material in the Journal, Editors will retaliate accordingly, guided by the (Retraction Guidelines) COPE. Such measures include interaction with the Authors of the manuscript and the reasoning of the corresponding complaint or request, and also implies interaction with the relevant organizations and research centers in the framework of cooperation on research purity (COPE recommendations).


Reviewers. Ethical norms of behavior

The Editors of the Journal share the point of view that scholars who want to contribute to the publication do substantial work of reviewing the manuscript. At the same time, it is taken into account that such work is performed on a voluntary basis in the direction of the article by the Editor, unless the Reviewer is a full-time employee of the Owner of the Journal. The Reviewer who has accepted the manuscript for review is obliged to comply with the agreed terms of review.

If the Reviewer realizes that he/she does not have sufficient qualifications to review the manuscript or does not have enough time to complete the work on time, he/she must notify the Editor and ask him/her to exclude him/her from the review process of the corresponding manuscript.

The Reviewer should not participate in the review of the manuscript in the event of conflicts of interest due to competitive, joint and other interactions and relationships with any of the Authors, companies or other organizations associated with the submitted work.

The Reviewer has no right to use unpublished data obtained from submitted manuscripts in personal research without the written consent of the Author. Information or ideas obtained during the review and associated with possible benefits must be kept confidential and cannot be used for personal gain.

Any manuscript received for review is considered a confidential document. This work is not opened or discussed with any person not authorized by the Editor.

Objectivity. The Reviewer is obliged to give an objective assessment. Personal criticism of the Author is unacceptable. Reviewers should clearly and reasonably express their opinions.

Assessment of a manuscript. Reviewers identify significant published works that are relevant to the topic and are not included in the bibliography of the manuscript. Any statement, observation, conclusion or argument previously published must be accompanied by an appropriate bibliographic reference in the manuscript. The Reviewer draws the attention of the Editors to the discovery of significant similarities or coincidences between the manuscript in question and any other previously published work that is in the field of scientific competence of the Reviewer and expresses his opinion on the acceptability of the manuscript for publication in terms of ethical norms and rules.



Authors’ ethical norms of behavior

Authors should provide reliable results of the work done on the original research and an objective discussion of its significance. The data underlying the work must be presented accurately. The work must contain sufficient details and bibliographic references for possible reproduction. False or knowingly wrong statements are perceived as unethical behavior and unacceptable. This may serve as a reason for rejection of the manuscript or refutation of the published article.

Reviews and scientific articles must also be accurate and objective.

An Author must not publish a manuscript devoted to the same research in more than one journal as an original publication. Submitting the same manuscript to more than one journal at the same time is perceived as unethical behavior and unacceptable. The Author should not submit a previously published article for consideration to another journal.

The Authors warrant that they represent a completely original work. Where works or statements by other Authors are used, appropriate bibliographic references or excerpts should be provided.

Authors may be requested to provide additional information related to the manuscript.

Authors should be ready to provide open access to information of this kind (according to the ALPSP-STM Statement on Data and Databases), if feasible, and in any case should be ready to retain this data for the required period of time after publication.

Plagiarism in any form - from presenting someone else's work as the Author's, to copying or paraphrasing significant parts of someone else's work (without attribution) to claiming rights to the results of someone else's research - is unethical and unacceptable.

The Editorial Board of the Journal reserves the right not to respond to accusations of plagiarism if the accuser provides false personal information (for example, presents himself with a fictitious name), or acts in an unethical or threatening manner. The Editors are not obliged to discuss cases of alleged plagiarism with persons not directly related to it.

The Authors confirm that their publication does not violate any of the existing copyrights and guarantee the Journal compensation for damages in case of such violations.

For ease of distribution and to ensure the implementation of the policy of using materials, the Authors transfer the exclusive right of ownership to the manuscript to the Journal, unless otherwise provided.

Permission to use the material. Before submitting an article to the Editorial Office of the Journal for consideration, the Authors must obtain permission to use any material created by other persons. Violation of this condition will entail certain difficulties in publication due to the need to prove by the Authors of their rights to the published material.

Authors provide or should be ready to provide written permission to use such material at the request of the Editors of the Journal.

Article cannot be published without the Authors obtaining the following rights to use the borrowed material:

- non-exclusive right to reproduce it in an article;

- rights to use printed and electronic versions of materials;

- perpetual right to use materials (implies the absence of time restrictions on the reuse of material).

Reproduction of tables, figures or text fragments (more than 400 words) from other sources is allowed if the Authors:

- have obtained written permission for use in print and electronic from all persons who have rights to the texts, illustrations, graphics or other materials that the Authors used in their manuscript, as well as any minor adaptations of materials created by others;

- in case of major changes to the material created by other persons and used in the manuscript, they reported this to the copyright holder of the material;

- have received written permission to use the material;

- indicated the source of data in the description of the figures and duplicated it in the list of references;

When using any material that is freely available on the Internet, (Authors) preliminarily clarified the information about the copyright owner and received permission to borrow (reprint) it.

In accordance with the Editorial Policy of the Journal, it is unacceptable:

- literally copying of 10 percent or more of another person's work without attribution, reference to the source and use of quotation marks;

- incorrect paraphrasing of the material of another person, in which more than one sentence was changed within one paragraph or section of the text, or the sentences were arranged in a different order without appropriate reference to the source. Significantly incorrect paraphrasing (more than 10 percent of the original work) without reference to the source is equivalent to literal copying;

- Using elements of another person's work without attribution, such as a drawing, table or paragraph, without expressing gratitude, citing the source, or using quotation marks. Authors must obtain permission from the copyright owner to use elements of their work.

Autocitation (self-citation). Authors should indicate that their work is being published for the first time. If the elements of the manuscript were previously published in another article, the Authors are obliged to refer to the earlier work and indicate the significant difference between the new work and the previous one. They are also obliged to identify its connection with the research results and conclusions presented in the previous work. Literal copying of one's own works and their paraphrasing is unacceptable; they can only be used as a basis for new conclusions.

In accordance with the international ethics of scientific publications, the Editorial Staff of the Journal recommends that Authors observe a self-citation level of no more than 20% (in the list of references).

Primary sources, Authorship and Conflicts of Interest. Authors should cite publications relevant to the performance of the presented work. Data obtained privately (conversation, correspondence or discussion with third parties) should not be used or presented without the explicit written permission of the original source.

Information from confidential sources should not be used without the clear written permission of the Authors of work related to such sources.

The Authors of the publication can only be persons who have made a significant contribution to the formation of the concept of the work, development, execution or interpretation of the presented research. All those who have made significant contributions should be identified as co-authors.

If research participants have made a significant contribution in a particular direction in a research project, they should be listed as persons who have made a significant contribution to this research.

The Author guarantees that all participants who made a significant contribution to the study are presented as co-authors and are not cited as co-authors those who did not participate in the study, that all co-authors have seen and approved the final version of the work and agreed to submit it for publication. Individuals who have made minor contributions to the research are mentioned in the Acknowledgements section.

Authors are required to disclose in their manuscripts financial or other existing conflicts of interest that may be perceived as influencing the results or conclusions presented in the work.

Potential conflicts of interest should be disclosed well in advance. Authors are required to list all sources of research funding.

Correction. If the Author discovers significant errors or inaccuracies in the publication, he must immediately inform the Editors of the Journal about this in writing and take appropriate measures to correct errors or withdraw (retraction) the publication.

If the Editors of the Journal received information from a third party that the publication contains material errors, the Author is obliged to withdraw (retrace) the work or correct errors as soon as possible.

If facts of plagiarism, multiple publications of an article in other publications, falsifications or fabrications and other violations by the Authors of publication ethics are revealed, the Editorial Board of the Journal reserves the right to take the following actions:

- refuse to publish a manuscript that violates Ethical Standards;

- refuse to publish subsequent manuscripts of the Author for a specified period;

- to withdraw (retract) the specified article in accordance with the recommendations of the COPE.